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The Holy Prophet once asked his companions that if a man had his house on a river-bank and bathed properly in that river 5 times a day, would there remain any dirt on his body? The companions replied: "No, 0 Prophet of Allah, he would remain absolutely clean. There would be no dirt on his body". The Holy Prophet said : "The daily prayers of 5 times are like that river and if a Muslim properly prays 5 times a day there would remain no dirt of sin or immorality on him''. The same thing has been accepted by many Christian writers like Rev. James Muller and Mr. C. M. King. The latter writes that by nature, when a man is engaged in worldly affairs or entertainments, he pays no attention to his moral development; and some entertainments by their nature make the man forget God. When I think how Islam has made its followers obliged to pray 5 times in a day and night and has ordered them to discharge this duty in all conditions, I have to admit that the Muslim's prayer certainly is the best way of guidance, as it removes unhealthy thoughts from minds after short intervals. When the time comes to pray and the Muslims gather into the Mosque to pray, they become bound by sincerity, love and unity, and prayer creates in them the humility and modesty. When rich and poor stand together to pray, it demonstrates the equality oflslam.
Your prayer is alright. Try to think about the meanings of the words you recite. I think in this way you may be able to concentrate more and more on the prayers.
He must be a. Ithna-Asheri, b. Sane, c. Legitimately born, d. He must be '.Adil'. It means that he does not commit big sins even unintentionally; and ifhe commits any small sin (not intentionally) he repents at once and does not repeat it. e. He must have correct pronunciation of Arabic words. f. He must be a man (if he is leading in a prayer attended by men), and g. He must not be praying sitting (if the people behind him are praying standing); also h. He must know the necessary 'Masail' of Taharat and prayers
a. Yes. b. The Sunni shariat is not strict about the qualifications of a 'Peshnamaz'. Therefore, they often pray behind a Peshnamaz who is not '.Adil'. Therefore, you should avoid praying with them. If, however, you have to join their Jamaat prayer, join but pray your whole Namaz with 'Furada' Niyyet. Thus you will sit and stand with the Jamaat, but pray your own Namaz.
The Sunni shariat is not strict about the qualifications of a 'Peshnamaz'. Therefore, they often pray behind a Peshnamaz who is not '.Adil'. Therefore, you should avoid praying with them. If, however, you have to join their Jamaat prayer, join but pray your whole Namaz with 'Furada' Niyyet. Thus you will sit and stand with the Jamaat, but pray your own Namaz.
Of course, if you had to pray in the Jamaat to avoid social Embarrassment it was all right; but that Namaaz of yours behind a non-lthna-Asheri Peshnamaz was not a Namaaz at all. It was good that you had already prayed in your room.
The difference in the prayers of different sects of Islam are not very many; though it is sad to admit the existence of even a few differences, because the Holy Prophet did lead the Muslims in prayers for 23 years, and they must have become quite familiar with his way of prayers. There are historical reasons behind these differences and this short letter is not the place to expound on that subject.
No. — Any Shia Ithna-asheri who fulfils the conditions may lead in the prayers.
In Shia Sheriat, the time of Asr starts just after finishing the prayer of Dhohr; and that of Isha just after finishing the Maghrib. Therefore, it was not necessary to mention the times of those two prayers.
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